Ovarian Cancer Stages

What Are the Stages Of Ovarian Cancer?

No one wants to be sick and even worse, find out that there may be a medical condition that is very serious. Today there are a number of medical issues that are becoming more dominant in the news; one of them is cancer. Cancer has been around for centuries and how it’s treated has changed. Ovarian cancer is definitely a serious condition; let’s review the ovarian cancer stages.

The first thing, of course, is to determine the location and size of the cancer that one has. This is very important to determine the best treatment process for the patient. The different stages were developed by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics and is used worldwide. The predictions that this system uses is extremely accurate of predicting the ovarian cancer prognosis.


Ovarian Cancer Stages – Beginning Stages

Ovarian Cancer picThe first stage is determines reviewing the ovaries to determine their overall health and where the tumor(s) is located. Usually in the first stage, the cancer is held in the inside by one ovary, are not found on the outside of the ovary nor within the pelvis or abdomen. Unfortunately, stage 1 can manifest into the prognosis of the cancer spreading to the second ovary.

The second state is the prognosis of the cancer being determined that it is indeed in the second ovary as well as the first. In addition, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body such as the uterus, Fallopian tubes, pelvis, bladder, sigmoid colon or the rectum. Stage 2 also can develop further into the areas just noted but may move in a different pattern from person to person.

The third stage occurs when the cancer spreads to the outside of the pelvis and into the abdominal area as well as possibly the lymph nodes. It must be noted that it is possible that the patient could at this time have only one affected ovary but usually it’s both.

The final stage is obviously the most advanced and the cancer cells are in one or both ovaries as well as many other parts of the body such as the lungs and the liver. At this point, there will be a more fierce action taken to stop the cancer from moving further in the body.

Patients are usually submitted to chemotherapy treatments and possibly other drugs to reduce the cancer with every intention to get the patient in reverse motion back to stage 3. It is possible that the patient may undergo surgery to remove the cancer; this is discussed between the doctor and the patient.


Image courtesy of David Castillo Dominici at FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Ovarian Cancer Stages
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